Relación entre el uso de las redes sociales, la actitud alimentaria y el índice de masa corporal entre estudiantes mujeres de nutrición y dietética: Un estudio transversal

Autores/as

  • Fatma Esra Güneş Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Marmara Üniversitesi, Estanbul, Turquía. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1693-6375
  • Şule Aktaç Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Marmara Üniversitesi, Estanbul, Turquía. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2158-5015
  • Dicle Kargin Beslenme ve Diyetetik Bölümü, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Marmara Üniversitesi, Estanbul, Turquía. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7393-730X

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.25.1.1094

Palabras clave:

Índice de Masa Corporal, Conducta Alimentaria, Medios de Comunicación Sociales, Femenino, Estudiantes, Universidades

Resumen

Introducción: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la relación entre los hábitos de uso de los medios, la frecuencia y duración, y el índice de masa corporal sobre las actitudes alimentarias.

Material y métodos: El estudio transversal se realizó con alumnas que recibieron educación en nutrición y dietética en Estambul. Se aplicó un cuestionario que constaba de un cuestionario sociodemográfico, una Prueba de Actitud Alimentaria (EAT-40) y una Escala de Actitud en las Redes Sociales a 1248 voluntarias mediante el método de entrevista cara a cara.

Resultados: Se encontró que el 35,7% de los participantes presentaba actitudes alimentarias anormales y el 89,6% mostró una actitud positiva hacia las redes sociales. El 93,7% del grupo con actitudes alimentarias anormales indicó una actitud positiva hacia las redes sociales, el 0,4% tuvo una actitud negativa y la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (p = 0,001). Se observó una diferencia significativa entre EAT-40 y pensar en un problema de alimentación, tener una membresía en las redes sociales y pasar tiempo en las redes sociales (p <0.05).

Conclusiones: Las redes sociales tienen un efecto en los estudiantes de dietética nutricional sobre la actitud alimentaria anormal; no mostró un efecto significativo sobre el IMC.

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Publicado

2021-03-31 — Actualizado el 2021-04-06

Versiones

Cómo citar

Güneş, F. E., Aktaç, Şule, & Kargin, D. (2021). Relación entre el uso de las redes sociales, la actitud alimentaria y el índice de masa corporal entre estudiantes mujeres de nutrición y dietética: Un estudio transversal. Revista Española De Nutrición Humana Y Dietética, 25(1), 78–86. https://doi.org/10.14306/renhyd.25.1.1094 (Original work published 31 de marzo de 2021)