Relationship between Maternal and Children Body Mass Index in four Educational Systems in Hidalgo, México

Melissa García Meraz, Rebeca María Elena Guzmán Saldaña, Guadalupe López-Rodríguez, Marcos Galván


Introduction: While the prevalence of overweight and obesity is pervasive in adults and children in Mexico, differences and relationships among children and their mothers from different ethnic groups, educational systems, and environmental settings in Mexico is understudied.

Objective: The present study tested the relationship between Maternal Body Mass Index (MBMI) and Children’s Z-score Body Index for Age (ZBFA) from indigenous, private, public and CONAFE (community schools in marginalized rural areas) schools representing four distinct educational systems in Hidalgo, Mexico.

Methods: A survey-type study was carried out in a random sample of school children and their mothers. The weight and height of the children and their mothers was evaluated with standardize anthropometric techniques. Mothers and children’s scores were assessed following recommendation by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Results: Prevalence of overweight was very high in mothers (55.8%), without significant difference in MBMI across the four different educational systems. Children from private schools showed higher Body Mass Index, being the girls with the highest scores. Our initial model only included MBMI and Children’s ZBFA, this relationship provided us with a model that explained only 7 % of the variance. However, when we added school type as covariate in models for boys and girls, the explained variance increased (17 % and 33% respectively).

Conclusions: The results suggest the importance of the relationship of MBMI over ZIMC. Gender and environment affect this relationship, health disparities exist for indigenous and rural population compared with urbans.  Further research should explore more about indigenous and risk populations.

Palabras clave

Body Mass Index; Ethnic groups; Children; Mother-Child Relations


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Copyright (c) 2019 Melissa García Meraz, Rebeca María Elena Guzmán Saldaña, Guadalupe López-Rodríguez, Marcos Galván

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ISSN (online): 2174-5145 / ISSN (print): 2173-1292

Abreviatura: Rev Esp Nutr Hum Diet

DOI revista: 10.14306/renhyd





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